8 Secrets on How to Get Rid of Scars

October 9, 2017
How to get rid of scars - Dr. Axe

For some, scars can be great storytellers and conversation starters, but for many, scars are unsightly and sometimes even embarrassing. In fact, they can be life-changing and traumatic to manage on a daily basis, depending on the exact circumstances of the scar — which is why many people wonder how to get rid of scars.


Turns out, there are several scar treatment options that allow you to avoid surgical procedures. Below are my eight secrets on how to get rid of scars naturally and safely in the comfort of your own home. My natural scar remedies include shea butter and coconut oil, essential oils, apple cider vinegar and so much more. The best part is, if you try these treatments — many of which double as home remedies for acne — not only are they excellent for scar removal, but they leave your skin healthier overall!


How to Get Rid of Scars Naturally

Scars are typically the result of an injury, such as a small cut, laceration or burn; stretch marks from pregnancy or significant weight changes; or an incision due to surgery or even acne. Scars can be flat or may protrude, often severely.

They can be difficult to live with, especially if the scar is in an exposed location on the body, such as the face or hands, which is why so many people want to know how to get rid of scars. Here are my eight secrets for natural scar removal.

1. Shea Butter and Coconut Oil

If you have experienced an injury, such as a cut, laceration or burn, keep the area moist and covered while it heals. You can use raw shea butter or coconut oil to keep the wound moist. This may help prevent a scar or keep a scar from getting too large, deep or itchy.

The omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants in both shea butter and coconut oil have been shown to inhibit keloid scar tissue and repair skin. (1, 2) Additionally, because shea butter and coconut oil are very effective at moisturizing the skin, they can be part of a continued regimen to help minimize some scarring. Simply apply shea butter or coconut to the skin two to three times a day. There is no need to wash it off since shea butter and coconut oil are both very beneficial for your skin. However, be careful not to let it get on any silk garments, as it may stain.

2. Silicone Gel Sheeting

Another option for how to get rid of scars is silicone gel sheeting. This is a sticky, clear pad that goes over a cut and can speed healing, similar to how Band-Aids can help heal cuts fast. It also can also make scars less red and painful.

Silicone gel sheeting has been widely used in clinical practice since the early 1980s. Although gel sheeting can be an effective treatment, there are some downsides to some conventional gel sheets. Some patients may have skin reactions to the tape used for fixation, experience excessive sweating, or have difficulty and frustration in its application. In addition, the visibility of the treatment in the case of scars located in visible areas, such as the face, can be obvious and a bit unattractive.

However, silicone gel does not require fixation and is nearly invisible when dry, suggesting that it could be especially useful and less embarrassing. Regardless, it usually requires multiple applications in a day and a waiting period while it dries so the dressing does not smudge. Friction by clothes can cause problems as well, which does not always make this treatment practical for everyone. (3)

If this is a practical option for you, however, it’s quite a good one. A 2009 study published in the Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery examined the efficacy of silicon gel on scars on 30 patients with scars. Silicone gel was applied as a thin film twice a day and examined monthly for six month. At the end of the study, researchers found that “topical silicon gel is safe and effective treatment for hypertrophic and keloidal scars.” In addition, they noted that it’s “easy to apply and cosmetically acceptable.” (4)

3. Pressure Garments

Using mechanical compressive force exerted by pressure garments to treat scars in burn patients was first prescribed in 1860. Before prescribing commercial pressure garments, the newly healed skin must be preconditioned to accept the stress and pressure exerted by the garments. For this, initial gentle pressure is applied using crepe bandages.

Currently, elastic compression using elastic garments is the predominant means of using pressure garments. Some studies suggest no noticeable healing; others, like a 2010 study published in the Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery, claim that pressure therapy achieves regression success rates of 60 percent to 85 percent in scarring. (5, 6)

4. Onion Extract/Gel

Onion extract is another natural option that can be used because it contains several unique bioflavenoids, such as quercetin, kaempferol and cepalin. A study in the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology asked six subjects to apply onion extract to an affected area for a period of four weeks. While some subjects experienced mild stinging, the stinging resolved quickly.

At two weeks, the subjects rated the gel-applied scars to be significantly softer than the control scars. After four and eight weeks of application, all appearance variables of the gel-applied scars had significantly improved. It was concluded that onion extract gel is safe and significantly improves scar appearance after four weeks of once-daily application. (7)

 

How to get rid of scars naturally - Dr. Axe

 

5. Aloe Vera

Long known as a great natural remedy to help many skin conditions, aloe vera benefits include treating scars. It not only soothes damaged skin, but it can help regenerate the damaged tissues by boosting the healing process.

In rat studies, aloe vera topical treatment was effective in healing burns and scarring. In addition, the wound-healing effects of aloe vera have been verified extensively, including its ability to remove scarring. (8, 9, 10)

While it’s better to use the fresh gel-like substance that is found directly from the aloe vera leaf, it’s easy to find pure aloe vera at your health food store. To use the aloe vera leaf, peel its outer green cover to reveal a gel-like substance. Apply the gel directly onto the scarred area. Leave it for about a half hour or longer if possible. You can even sleep with it, as it dries quickly.

Try to apply it two or three times daily. Not only will your acne scars diminish, but you also may see a nice glow to your skin and it will become tighter, reducing wrinkles — an added benefit!

6. Essential Oils: Tea Tree and Helichrysum

Tea tree oil is an amazing natural remedy for healing scars. It’s very effective because it has antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties. As an effective natural acne treatment, tea tree oil is effective in healing acne scars. It’s most beneficial in healing hypertrophic scars and may gradually diminish the scar. (11) Take two to four drops of tea tree oil combined with coconut oil and rub onto the affected area twice a day.

Helichrysum essential oil is also a great choice for helping diminish the appearance of scars because of its antibacterial properties, much like tea tree oil. Because it is an antioxidant, helichrysum helps prevent and regenerate damaged skin. Check out the recipe below.

7. Emu Oil

Emu oil comes from the fat in the back of the emu bird. You may have heard of the emu bird, which comes from Australia and is related to the ostrich. It has long been known to help kill bacteria and reduce inflammation.

Emu oil is rich in omega fatty acids — omega-9, omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids — which help you to have a healthy glow to your skin because it has the ability to deeply penetrate and, therefore, deeply moisturize. For this reason, it can be beneficial in treating inflammation and minimizing the appearance of scars, ultimately promoting the skin’s natural healing process. (12)

8. Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is an astringent and a natural disinfectant that makes it a great antiseptic and an effective treatment of acne and acne scars. And because apple cider vinegar can help eliminate dead skin cells, it may even help fade away acne scars.  Mix apple cider vinegar with honey; then, using a cotton ball, apply to the skin or affected area. Leave it on for about 10 minutes, and then rinse. You can do this two to three times a day.


Causes and Types of Scars

Scarring is a natural part of the healing process after an injury or inflammation has occurred. How it looks and the best treatment for it depends on they type the scarring that has occurred, as well as the depth, size and location of the injury. Other factors that can affect scarring include age, genes, sex and ethnicity.

To determine which of my eight secrets on how to get rid of scars to utilize, it’s best to know what type of scar you have. There are four main types:

Keloid Scars

A keloid scar is best described as a firm, rubbery lesion or shiny, fibrous nodule. Keloid scars can vary from pink to the color of the skin or red to dark brown. These scars are the result of a healing process from an injury, typically extending beyond the original injury due to mechanical forces on the wound and possible wound infections.

Keloid scars occur due to excessive collagen deposits, but additional research is needed to fully understand this process. Over time, a keloid scar may limit movement. Benign and not at all contagious, a keloid scar is sometimes accompanied by severe itchiness, pain and changes in texture. These type of scars are seen more frequently in highly pigmented ethnic groups than in Caucasians.

There are numerous ways that a keloid scar can occur, such as skin burns, acne, chicken pox, ear piercing, scratches, surgical cuts or at a vaccination site. (13)

The treatment used varies depending on whether the keloid is small and single or large and multiple. Regardless, it usually takes time to heal as well as several steps. I always suggest avoiding surgery when possible and to go for the more natural treatments first, especially in this case when surgery may simply result in additional scarring — especially if you are more prone to scarring due to genetics.

Some prefer steroid injections, cryotherapy (a freezing therapy) and silicone sheets to help flatten the scar. It may be possible to prevent keloid formation by using pressure treatment or gel pads with silicone if treated early enough in the process. (14, 15, 16)

Hypertrophic Scars

A hypertrophic scar is similar to a keloid in that it’s raised, but it doesn’t go beyond the injured area. It’s easy to get hypertrophic scars confused with keloid scars but very important to distinguish the two so proper treatment may be provided.

Hypertrophic scars are rarely more than 4 millimeters above the skin — unlike keloids, which are often higher. They’re usually red or pink in color, hard, and itchy. Hypertrophic scars primarily contain type III collagen and are parallel to the epidermal surface with abundant nodules and large extracellular collagen filaments.

Hypertrophic scars may have more success in the healing process than keloids. Treatments include injections of steroids to reduce inflammation, silicone sheets that flatten the scar, onion extract gel and other therapies that are directed at collagen synthesis. (17) 

Contracture Scars

Contracture scars are the result of a burn on the skin. Typically, these scars tighten the skin, possibly impairing the ability to move that area. These types of scars can go deeper, affecting muscles and nerves, and can be devastating to burn victims, especially if they form on more visible parts of the body.

Depending upon the injury, post-burn scars are inevitable even with the best of treatment. Even though it can be extremely uncomfortable, scars are actual a form of healing. There are some procedures that can minimize this scarring, yet it is rare to eliminate the scarring completely. (18)

Acne Scars

Severe acne can leave scars that appear as deep pits or angular and wavelike. Acne scars can occur on most anyone. When acne breakouts penetrate the skin deeply, they damage the skin and the tissue beneath it. It’s worse when the skin is inflamed, presenting a swollen, reddish blemish such as acne cysts and nodules. It can become even worse if acne goes untreated, ultimately causing scarring.

Picking, squeezing and popping acne causes more inflammation. It’s best to just leave it alone. And, unfortunately, genes can play a role in whether or not one is prone to acne and scarring.

I’m sure you’re wondering what happens to cause the scarring. As the acne clears, the body tries to repair the damage caused by the inflammation. During the healing process, the body produces collagen to give the skin support. If the body produces too little or too much collagen, you’re likely to see a scar. The type of scarring that occurs depends on how much collagen your body makes.

While there is no guarantee as to whether scarring will develop, there are some possible preventive techniques that can make a big difference. Regardless, it’s best to treat acne right away to help minimize and prevent scarring. (19) 

I’ve developed an acne scar removal face mask, which uses a careful combination of essential oils along with a carrier oil. Give it a try for eight to 10 days to see an overall reduction in scarring.

 

Types of scars - Dr. Axe

 


Takeaways for How to Remove Scars

While there are many things you can do to help minimize scarring, scars cannot be completely removed. Keep in mind that trying anything new, especially for pregnant women and children, should be tested and discussed with your doctor.

However, if you try these eight secrets on how to get rid of scars, you’ll see vast improvement in the visibility — or lack thereof — of those unsightly scars. So remember, you can use essential oils, pressure garments, gel sheeting and other natural ways to remove scars and avoid unnecessary and sometimes harmful surgical procedures, all from the comfort of your own home!

Read Next: Home Remedies for Burn Relief


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